Paper of the Month

Welcome to the ESO Paper of the Month page

This indicative is brought to you  by the council of fellows to highlight interesting and relevant papers published by ESO members or with special relevance to Europe. Papers will be suggested by members of the Paper of the Month Group (see below for more details). ESO members can also nominate a paper by sending it directly to

November 2019

Paper: Anticoagulation after stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation: to bridge or not with low-molecular-weight heparin?

This month’s paper is of particular interest as it addresses an area of clinical uncertainty which affects daily practice. Should we bridge with full dose heparin/low molecular weight heparin when faced with a patient in AF who has had a minor stroke? Altavilla et al’s large observational study suggests ‘no’. Both ischemic and haemorrhagic strokes were more frequent in the bridged group. However, the study is not randomized, and neither multivariate analysis nor propensity matching can fully exclude biases. However, while we are waiting for results of on-going clinical trials such as ELAN, these results should make us stop and think when considering bridging.


Altavilla R, Caso V, Bandini F, Agnelli G, Tsivgoulis G, Yaghi S, et al.. Anticoagulation after stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation: to bridge or not with low-molecular-weight heparin? Stroke. 2019; 50:2093–2100.

doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.022856. PMID:31221054

Selection Process

Paper Selection Process

The paper should be based on stroke research with a substantial European input especially from ESO-members, and no specific journals are preferred. Focus will be on including all topics within the field of stroke including acute, prevention, rehabilitation, and life after stroke. If the paper is not published in English, the nomination must include a translation to qualify.

There are two methods to identify a “paper of the month”:

  1. Nominations of paper (not own paper)
  2. Search for papers by the task force

Nominations of papers will be accepted until 10th of the following month and relate to the calendar date of the month before (e.g. the paper of the month in February will relate to January publications).

Process of publication of the paper of the month on the ESO Website

The paper of the month will be published here on 20th of the month following the publication date.

Publication on the website will provide a link to the full paper, where freely available without infringing copyright, or to the abstract on Pubmed.

Members of the Council of Fellows Paper of the Month Task Force

The Task Force is comprised of FESO. Current members are:

Diana Aguiar de Sousa, Anita Arsovska, Hugues Chabriat, Hanne Christensen, Ana Fonseca, Nishant Mishra, Vladimir Nosal, Stefano Ricci, Christine Roffe, Augusto Zaninelli, Marialuisa Zedde

Administrative contact

Luzia Balmer | ESO ‎Head Office